Process and Observation Ontology

Last uploaded: June 3, 2019
Preferred Name

material entity

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040

BFO CLIF specification label

MaterialEntity

BFO OWL specification label

material

editor note

BFO 2 Reference: ‘Matter’ is intended to encompass both mass and energy (we will address the ontological treatment of portions of energy in a later version of BFO). A portion of matter is anything that includes elementary particles among its proper or improper parts: quarks and leptons, including electrons, as the smallest particles thus far discovered; baryons (including protons and neutrons) at a higher level of granularity; atoms and molecules at still higher levels, forming the cells, organs, organisms and other material entities studied by biologists, the portions of rock studied by geologists, the fossils studied by paleontologists, and so on.Material entities are three-dimensional entities (entities extended in three spatial dimensions), as contrasted with the processes in which they participate, which are four-dimensional entities (entities extended also along the dimension of time).According to the FMA, material entities may have immaterial entities as parts – including the entities identified below as sites; for example the interior (or ‘lumen’) of your small intestine is a part of your body. BFO 2.0 embodies a decision to follow the FMA here.

BFO 2 Reference: Material entities (continuants) can preserve their identity even while gaining and losing material parts. Continuants are contrasted with occurrents, which unfold themselves in successive temporal parts or phases [60

BFO 2 Reference: Object, Fiat Object Part and Object Aggregate are not intended to be exhaustive of Material Entity. Users are invited to propose new subcategories of Material Entity.

elucidation

A material entity is an independent continuant that has some portion of matter as proper or improper continuant part. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [019-002])

example of usage

a tornado

an energy wave

a puff of smoke

a hurricane

the undetached arm of a human being

a flame

a photon

an aggregate of human beings.

a sea wave

an epidemic

a human being

a forest fire

has associated axiom(fol)

(forall (x) (if (MaterialEntity x) (IndependentContinuant x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [019-002]

(forall (x) (if (and (Entity x) (exists (y t) (and (MaterialEntity y) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)))) (MaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [020-002]

(forall (x) (if (and (Entity x) (exists (y t) (and (MaterialEntity y) (continuantPartOfAt x y t)))) (MaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [021-002]

has associated axiom(nl)

Every entity which has a material entity as continuant part is a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [020-002])

every entity of which a material entity is continuant part is also a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [021-002])

isDefinedBy

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/bfo.owl

label

material entity

prefixIRI

BFO:0000040

prefLabel

material entity

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000004

disjointWith

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000141

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Internal mappings

Delete Mapping To Ontology Source Relations
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 FoodOn LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 FoodOn SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Flora Phenotype Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Flora Phenotype Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Agronomy Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Agronomy Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Basic Formal Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Basic Formal Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Phenology Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Phenology Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Trait Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Trait Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Relations Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Relations Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Protein Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Protein Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Cell Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Cell Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Phenotypic Quality Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Phenotypic Quality Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Population and Community Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Population and Community Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Biological Collections Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Biological Collections Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Biological Collections Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Biological Collections Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Sustainable Development Goals Interface Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Sustainable Development Goals Interface Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Experimental Conditions Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Experimental Conditions Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Environment Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Environment Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Environment Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 Plant Environment Ontology SAME_URI
https://bitbucket.org/PlantExpAssay/ontology/raw/v0.1/PlantExperimentalAssayOntology.owl#PEAO:000040 Plant Experimental Assay Ontology LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000004 Semanticscience Integrated Ontology LOOM
http://www.biointerchange.org/gfvo#MaterialEntity Genomic Feature and Variation Ontology LOOM
http://www.ifomis.org/bfo/1.1/snap#MaterialEntity Experimental Factor Ontology LOOM

Interportal mappings

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External mappings

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There are currently no external mappings for this class.