Experimental Factor Ontology

Last uploaded: July 4, 2019
Preferred Name

beriberi

Synonyms

beriberi

Beri Beri

Vitamin B1 deficiency

thiamine deficiency

Beriberi

Definitions

A disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1) and characterized by polyneuritis, cardiac pathology, and edema. The epidemic form is found primarily in areas in which white (polished) rice is the staple food, as in Japan, China, the Philippines, India, and other countries of southeast Asia. (Dorland, 27th ed) Beriberi is a condition that occurs in people who are deficient in thiamine (vitamin B1). There are two major types of beriberi: wet beriberi which affects the cardiovascular system and dry beriberi which affects the nervous system. People with wet beriberi may experience increased heart rate, shortness of breath, and swelling of the lower legs. Signs and symptoms of dry beriberi include difficulty walking; loss of feeling in the hands and/or feet; paralysis of the lower legs; mental confusion; speech difficulty; pain; and/or vomiting. Beriberi is rare in the United States since many foods are now vitamin enriched; however, alcohol abuse, dialysis and taking high doses of diuretics increases the risk of developing the condition. In most cases,beriberi occurs sporadically in people with no family history of the condition. A rare condition known as genetic beriberi is inherited (passed down through families) and is associated with an inability to absorb thiamine from foods. Treatment generally includes thiamine supplementation, given by injection or taken by mouth.

ID

http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_1000837

closeMatch

http://identifiers.org/snomedct/154725000

http://identifiers.org/snomedct/35843007

http://identifiers.org/snomedct/267491008

http://identifiers.org/snomedct/190625009

http://identifiers.org/meddra/10004482

database_cross_reference

NCIT:C34418

UMLS:C0005122

SNOMEDCT:36656008

DOID:13725

COHD:434620

ICD10:E51.1

MESH:D001602

MSH:D001602

MedDRA:10004482

ICD10:E51.11

GARD:0009948

MONDO:0006676

ICD9:265.0

SCTID:36656008

definition

A disease caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1) and characterized by polyneuritis, cardiac pathology, and edema. The epidemic form is found primarily in areas in which white (polished) rice is the staple food, as in Japan, China, the Philippines, India, and other countries of southeast Asia. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Beriberi is a condition that occurs in people who are deficient in thiamine (vitamin B1). There are two major types of beriberi: wet beriberi which affects the cardiovascular system and dry beriberi which affects the nervous system. People with wet beriberi may experience increased heart rate, shortness of breath, and swelling of the lower legs. Signs and symptoms of dry beriberi include difficulty walking; loss of feeling in the hands and/or feet; paralysis of the lower legs; mental confusion; speech difficulty; pain; and/or vomiting. Beriberi is rare in the United States since many foods are now vitamin enriched; however, alcohol abuse, dialysis and taking high doses of diuretics increases the risk of developing the condition. In most cases,beriberi occurs sporadically in people with no family history of the condition. A rare condition known as genetic beriberi is inherited (passed down through families) and is associated with an inability to absorb thiamine from foods. Treatment generally includes thiamine supplementation, given by injection or taken by mouth.

exactMatch

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C0005122

http://identifiers.org/mesh/D001602

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCIT_C34418

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_13725

http://identifiers.org/snomedct/36656008

has_exact_synonym

beriberi

Beri Beri

Beriberi

has_related_synonym

Vitamin B1 deficiency

thiamine deficiency

id

EFO:1000837

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/mondo#gard_rare

label

beriberi

notation

EFO:1000837

prefLabel

beriberi

see also

https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/9948/beriberi

term editor

Dani Welter

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/MONDO_0042976

http://www.ebi.ac.uk/efo/EFO_1001067

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Internal mappings

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http://id.agrisemantics.org/gacs/C21599 Global Agricultural Concept Scheme LOOM
http://lod.nal.usda.gov/nalt/16731 National Agricultural Library Thesaurus LOOM

Interportal mappings

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External mappings

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