Biological Collections Ontology

Last uploaded: October 12, 2017
Preferred Name

material entity

Definitions

An independent continuant that is spatially extended whose identity is independent of that of other entities and can be maintained through time. An independent continuant that is spatially extended whose identity is independent of that of other entities and can be maintained through time.

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040

BFO CLIF specification label

MaterialEntity

BFO OWL specification label

material

editor note

BFO 2 Reference: ‘Matter’ is intended to encompass both mass and energy (we will address the ontological treatment of portions of energy in a later version of BFO). A portion of matter is anything that includes elementary particles among its proper or improper parts: quarks and leptons, including electrons, as the smallest particles thus far discovered; baryons (including protons and neutrons) at a higher level of granularity; atoms and molecules at still higher levels, forming the cells, organs, organisms and other material entities studied by biologists, the portions of rock studied by geologists, the fossils studied by paleontologists, and so on.Material entities are three-dimensional entities (entities extended in three spatial dimensions), as contrasted with the processes in which they participate, which are four-dimensional entities (entities extended also along the dimension of time).According to the FMA, material entities may have immaterial entities as parts – including the entities identified below as sites; for example the interior (or ‘lumen’) of your small intestine is a part of your body. BFO 2.0 embodies a decision to follow the FMA here.

BFO 2 Reference: Material entities (continuants) can preserve their identity even while gaining and losing material parts. Continuants are contrasted with occurrents, which unfold themselves in successive temporal parts or phases [60

BFO 2 Reference: Object, Fiat Object Part and Object Aggregate are not intended to be exhaustive of Material Entity. Users are invited to propose new subcategories of Material Entity.

Material entity [snap:MaterialEntity] subsumes object [snap:Object], fiat object part [snap:FiatObjectPart], and object aggregate [snap:ObjectAggregate], which assume a three level theory of granularity, which is inadequate for some domains, such as biology.

Examples: collection of random bacteria, a chair, dorsal surface of the body

editor preferred label

material entity

elucidation

A material entity is an independent continuant that has some portion of matter as proper or improper continuant part. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [019-002])

example of usage

a tornado

an energy wave

a puff of smoke

a hurricane

the undetached arm of a human being

a flame

a photon

an aggregate of human beings.

a sea wave

an epidemic

a human being

a forest fire

has associated axiom(fol)

(forall (x) (if (and (Entity x) (exists (y t) (and (MaterialEntity y) (continuantPartOfAt x y t)))) (MaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [021-002]

(forall (x) (if (and (Entity x) (exists (y t) (and (MaterialEntity y) (continuantPartOfAt y x t)))) (MaterialEntity x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [020-002]

(forall (x) (if (MaterialEntity x) (IndependentContinuant x))) // axiom label in BFO2 CLIF: [019-002]

has associated axiom(nl)

Every entity which has a material entity as continuant part is a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [020-002])

every entity of which a material entity is continuant part is also a material entity. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [021-002])

imported from

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/obi.owl

isDefinedBy

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/bfo.owl

label

material entity

prefixIRI

BFO:0000040

prefLabel

material entity

textual definition

An independent continuant that is spatially extended whose identity is independent of that of other entities and can be maintained through time.

An independent continuant that is spatially extended whose identity is independent of that of other entities and can be maintained through time.

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000004

disjointWith

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000141

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Internal mappings

Delete Mapping To Ontology Source Relations
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 FOODON LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 FOODON SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 FLOPO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 FLOPO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 AGRO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 AGRO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 BFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 BFO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
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http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 CL LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 CL SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 SFWO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 SFWO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PR LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PR SAME_URI
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http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
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http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PECO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PECO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PCO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PCO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 EFO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 EFO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PO2 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PO2 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 TO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 ENVO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 ENVO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 EO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 EO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PCO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PCO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 SDGIO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 SDGIO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PECO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PECO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 SFWO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 SFWO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 PATO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000040 RO SAME_URI
https://bitbucket.org/PlantExpAssay/ontology/raw/v0.1/PlantExperimentalAssayOntology.owl#PEAO:000040 PEAO LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000004 SIO LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000004 SIO LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000004 SIO LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000004 SIO LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000004 SIO LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000004 SIO LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000004 SIO LOOM
http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000004 SIO LOOM
http://www.biointerchange.org/gfvo#MaterialEntity GFVO LOOM

Interportal mappings

Delete Mapping To Ontology Source Relations
There are currently no interportal mappings for this class.

External mappings

Delete Mapping To Ontology Source Relations
There are currently no external mappings for this class.