Biological Collections Ontology

Last uploaded: October 12, 2017
Preferred Name



BFO CLIF specification label


BFO OWL specification label


editor note

BFO 2 Reference: In all areas of empirical inquiry we encounter general terms of two sorts. First are general terms which refer to universals or types:animaltuberculosissurgical procedurediseaseSecond, are general terms used to refer to groups of entities which instantiate a given universal but do not correspond to the extension of any subuniversal of that universal because there is nothing intrinsic to the entities in question by virtue of which they – and only they – are counted as belonging to the given group. Examples are: animal purchased by the Emperortuberculosis diagnosed on a Wednesdaysurgical procedure performed on a patient from Stockholmperson identified as candidate for clinical trial #2056-555person who is signatory of Form 656-PPVpainting by Leonardo da VinciSuch terms, which represent what are called ‘specializations’ in [81

Entity doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. For example Werner Ceusters 'portions of reality' include 4 sorts, entities (as BFO construes them), universals, configurations, and relations. It is an open question as to whether entities as construed in BFO will at some point also include these other portions of reality. See, for example, 'How to track absolutely everything' at

editor preferred label



An entity is anything that exists or has existed or will exist. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [001-001])

example of usage

the Second World War

Julius Caesar

Verdi’s Requiem

your body mass index

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Internal mappings

Delete Mapping To Ontology Source Relations Semanticscience Integrated Ontology LOOM Semanticscience Integrated Ontology LOOM INIA Research Datasets LOOM The Extensible Observation Ontology LOOM Plant Trait Ontology LOOM Plant Trait Ontology SAME_URI Agronomy Ontology LOOM Agronomy Ontology SAME_URI Basic Formal Ontology LOOM Basic Formal Ontology SAME_URI Plant Phenology Ontology LOOM Plant Phenology Ontology SAME_URI Plant Trait Ontology LOOM Plant Trait Ontology SAME_URI Population and Community Ontology LOOM Population and Community Ontology SAME_URI FoodOn LOOM FoodOn SAME_URI Process and Observation Ontology LOOM Process and Observation Ontology SAME_URI Plant Experimental Assay Ontology LOOM Plant Experimental Assay Ontology SAME_URI Sustainable Development Goals Interface Ontology LOOM Sustainable Development Goals Interface Ontology SAME_URI Plant Experimental Conditions Ontology LOOM Plant Experimental Conditions Ontology SAME_URI Environment Ontology LOOM Environment Ontology SAME_URI Plant Environment Ontology LOOM Plant Environment Ontology SAME_URI UMLS Semantic Network LOOM

Interportal mappings

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External mappings

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